Electricity generation is the largest source of Hong Kong’s greenhouse gas emission, accounting for nearly 70% of total emissions. The use of fossil fuels also produces a variety of harmful air pollutants, burdening the healthcare system. The cost of fossil fuels is far underpriced. If the environmental and health costs are taken into account, renewable energy would be much more competitive. The price of renewable energy has continued to decline with rapid scientific progress and the energy industry embracing new technologies to improve power generation efficiency. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency, the average cost of solar will fall to 60% of that in 2015 by 2025. The cost of other renewable energy sources like wind is also steadily declining. The replacement of fossil fuels with renewable fuel has become an international trend in addressing climate change.

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In reducing local emissions, Hong Kong must set a long-term goal for renewable energy development. The liberation of the electricity market will improve the competitiveness of renewable energy and promote its application. The world is actively phasing out fossil fuels and setting clear targets and strategies for renewable energy development. As a developed city, Hong Kong is absolutely capable of developing and adopting renewable energy. FoE(HK) urges the Government to respond to climate change by setting a target of 10% renewable energy by 2030 or earlier.

On demand management, the Government should refer to successful cases from overseas to promote a variety of measures. Smart meters can allow users to better understand power consumption behaviours and adopt appropriate electricity-saving measures. Electricity tariff rates can adjust based on the time of day or overall consumption – without affecting low-power users – to provide economic incentives to reduce overall use and peak demand for electricity.

What can you do

Without any mitigation measures for greenhouse gas emissions, global temperatures will continue to rise for the coming few decades with disastrous consequences. Tackling climate change is not just the responsibility of the government and businesses, but also that of citizens. Everyone must address climate change in their lives – set a personal emission reduction target and change our wasteful and high carbon lifestyle.


Our work

  • To push the Government to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels and set a 10% renewable energy target by 2030
  • To promote energy conservation measures through demand management; such as green buildings, smart meters, and energy-efficient products
  • To mobilise citizens, businesses, institutions, and schools to reduce energy use and ease climate change by participating in Power Smart and COOL Neighbour

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